Lipid Management

Lipid Management

Lipids are fatty compounds that perform a variety of functions in your body. They are part of your cell membranes and help control what goes in and out of your cells. They help with moving and storing energy, absorbing vitamins, and making hormones. These are important cellular and extracellular molecules. They are critical for cell structure, function, and energy, as well as organs and body insulation and protection. In addition, lipids metabolites are extremely essential for a wide range of cellular communication and metabolism.

Lipids are essential for your health. However, having too many of them can put you at a higher risk of medical conditions like liver disease and heart disease. A buildup of LDL cholesterol can clog the arteries (atherosclerosis). These 'clogs' can narrow the opening of the artery and lead to a heart attack or stroke.


The decision to start cholesterol-lowering treatment is made on a case-by-case basis. Health care providers consider current lipid levels, your risk of developing a cardiac event, the presence or absence of cardiovascular disease (CVD), and other risk factors.

Other special groups



You can help lower your lipid levels with lifestyle changes, medications, or a combination of both. In certain cases, a health care provider will recommend a trial of lifestyle changes before recommending a medication. The best approach for you will depend on your individual situation, including your lipid levels, health conditions, risk factors, medications, and lifestyle.

Lifestyle changes

If you have high low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, you should try to make some changes in your day-to-day habits, including reducing the amount of total and saturated fat in your diet, losing weight (if you are overweight or obese), getting regular aerobic exercise, and eating plenty of fruits and vegetables. A plant-based diet is an effective strategy to lowering LDL cholesterol. The benefits of these lifestyle changes usually become evident within 6 to 12 months. However, the success of lipid lowering with lifestyle modification varies widely, and health care providers sometimes recommend beginning medication sooner.


There are many medications available to help lower elevated levels of LDL cholesterol. Each category of medication varies in how it works, how effective it is, and how much it costs. Your health care provider will recommend a medication or combination of medications based on your blood lipid levels and other individual factors.

Nutritional supplements





The treatment of high cholesterol and/or triglycerides is a lifelong process. Although medications can rapidly lower your levels (within a week), it often takes 6 to 12 months before the effects of lifestyle modifications are noticeable. Once you have an effective treatment plan and you begin to see results, it is important to stay committed to the plan. Stopping treatment usually allows lipid levels to rise again and increases your risk for heart attack, stroke, or other cardiovascular problems. Even while taking medications, maintaining a healthy lifestyle is crucial to obtain the most benefit from these therapies.

Most people who stop treatment do so because of perceived side effects. However, there are a wide variety of medications available today, which should make it possible for most people to find an option that works for them. Talk with your health care provider if a specific medication is not working for you; he or she can recommend alternatives that are compatible with your lifestyle and preferences.